The Names & Origins of Angels

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Part One - The Names & Origins of Angels

 

I. THE NAMES OF ANGELS

1a The usage of angelic names

1b Angels are mentioned 400 times in 34 Books (17 OT; 17 NT)

2b They are described in a generic sense by several names which seem to be used of God in a descriptive sense

2a The disclosure of angelic names

1b Common Name: Angel

1c Most frequent name

1d 115 times in OT - malak (kalam)

2d 178 times in NT - aggelon (aggelon)

2c Means a messenger or ambassador who represents his king or ruler and refers to the angels carrying out the decrees of God on His behalf

1d The word mal'ak denotes someone sent over a great distance by an individual ….or by a community ….. in order to communicate a message. (from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) or execute the will of God

2d As the angel told John in Rev. 22:8-9, it can also refer to human messengers, some of which are “Fellow servants” (OT 213 times word used but only 115 are direct references to angels; NT 186, 178 are direct references)

3d Their work as messengers of God maybe something that transpired after the fall:

1e They may have been created to minister for God in heaven as man was created of God to minister in the earth

2e With the fall of an angel, Satan, and his role in the fall of man, they may have been pressed into service (1 Jn. 3:8)

1f Man could no longer stand openly in the presence of God (Gen. 3)

2f Man would now face all kinds of peril would need angels assistance for protection (Gen. 3:24; Psa. 91:11; Lk. 16:22; Matt. 18:10)

3f Man would need protection and assistance against the evil angels (Dan. 10:12-14)

3e Possible the role of angels will be replaced by the work of redeemed as spoken of in Rev. 20, 21, 22

2b Other Names

1c "Sons of God"

1d This indicates that they bear the image of God indicating it is not the physical side of man that is in the image of God

2d This term is primarily used by Job (1:6; 2:1; 38:7) and possibly by Moses in Gen. 6:2-4 (Since Job’s book is probably the oldest and not far removed from the flood, this may have been a term used in the pre-flood era and appropriate for Gen – note the term “sons of God” is not used anywhere else in the OT)

2c "Heavenly Hosts" (2 Chron. 18:18; Neh. 9:6; Psa. 148:2-5; Lk. 2:13)

1d Not of the physical realm - but of the spiritual

2d Their home is in Heaven - the abode of the spiritual even as the earth is our abode – to paradises lost (note not only a new earth but new heavens – possible a new abode for God and His angels – Isa. 65:17-19; Isa. 66:22; 2 Pet. 3:13)
3c "Hosts" - great numbers (Lk. 2:13; Acts 7:42)

4c “Exalted Ones” (Isa 24:21)

5c "Holy Ones" (Job 5:1; Daniel 4:17) - righteous standing before God

II. THE ORIGIN OF ANGELS: created by God (Psa. 148:2-5; Col. 1:16)

1a The time of creation

1b General: within the six days of Creation (Gen. 2:1; Ex. 20:11 )

2b Specific: Before or at the time the Earth was brought into existence

1c They observed and watched it take place and they shouted out because of its beauty (Job 38:6, 7; Rev. 21:1; 2 Pet. 3:13)

2c On the first day of Creation the abode of God was created and from that time on the creation work was devoted to the physical universe (Gen. 1:1-4)

2a The manner of Creation

1b Individually

1c No procreation or reproduction (Matt. 22:28-30)

2c Unlike man who was created as two and multiplied, they were all created at one and this probably part of difference in redemption

2b Simultaneously

1c All at the beginning (Psa. 148:2, 5 - He commanded they were created)

2c There have been no further creations of angels - even with the fall of Satan and 1/3 of heaven

3c This silences many myths about people becoming angels

3b Holy: created holy (without sin) but not confirmed in their holiness

1c Confirmed holy god can not create that which is unholy (James 1:13)

2c All the angels shouted at Creation, including Satan (Job 38:6, 7) – hard to image Satan and his demons being holy at one point

4b Complete: three ideas in mind

1c Without flaws or mistakes (Gen. 1:31): for a perfect God only perfection will do

2c Lacking nothing: they are fully complete - Angels do not need a partner to complete them as did Adam for he need Eve to complete him (Matt. 22:28-30; Mk. 12:24-25; Lk. 20:34-35)

3c Fully developed

1d Angels do not go through a transitional state from infant to adult as do humans because they are not reproduced – like Adam, they instantly brought into existence as an adult

2d This does not mean they do not have the need and the capacity for growth for they ever grow in wisdom and knowledge (Matt. 24:36: 1 Pet. 1:12; Eph. 3:10; Dan. 8:13; 12:5-6; 1 Cor. 11:10)

3a The amount of Creation

1b Rev. 5:11 and Dan. 7:10 speak of a hundred million around the throne of God or maybe better an innumerable number

2b Rev. 12:4 compares the number to the stars of heaven